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The different classes

The European Le Mans Series is a European series of endurance races reserved for cars such as "Le Mans Prototypes" and "Le Mans Grand Touring" plus "Grand Touring Challenge". More than three cars must be entered for the whole season in each category. In 2015, the ELMS presents four different catégories : LMP2, LMGTE, GTC, LMP3.

The category below the top LMP1 class of the FIA World Endurance Championship, LMP2 is a key part of the “Endurance" family which allows teams, as well as drivers, to gradually progress to the highest level. The "Le Mans Prototype 2" (LMP2) class is reserved exclusively for privateer teams independent of constructors and/or engine suppliers.

LMP2 cars have similar characteristics to LMP1 (carbon monocoque chassis) while respecting strict cost criteria: price-capped chassis at €370,000. For closed cars the price must not exceed €450,000. The price of engines is capped at €80,350. In 2015, three different engines (Nissan, Honda, Judd) and many chassis (ORECA, Morgan, Zytek/Gibson, Honda, Dome, Ligier, Alpine among others) are available, allowing customers an infinite number of possible combinations!

Each driver line up must be made up of at least one "Silver"or "Bronze" rated driver.

Number Colour: BLUE

LMP2 technical specifications:

Minimum weight
900 kg
Width of rear wing
1600 mm maxi
Fuel tank capacity
75 litres
Engine
Max cylinders
Cubic capacity
Normally aspirated petrol
8
5000 cm3
Turbo/supercharged petrol
6
3200 cm3
Supercharged diesel
By authorisation of Endurance Commission
2500 cm3
Gearbox
Max 6 gears + reverse
Carbon brake discs max diameter
15" (380 mm)
Overall length
Max 4650 mm (including rear wing)
Overall width
2000 max
Wheels and tyres
Max width
14"
Max diameter
28"

In order to strengthen the pyramid of endurance racing which was introduced in 1999 by the Automobile Club de l'Ouest, the ACO has for 2015 launched a new category of junior sports-prototype for endurance racing, LMP3.

In the pyramid of "Le Mans Prototypes," LMP3 becomes the first step on the ladder before moving up to the LMP2 and LMP1 classes (the latter in the FIA WEC and 24 Hours of Le Mans).

The thinking behind this car is that there should be fewest number of constraints possible, whether those are budgetary, technical, driving or operation. The sale price of the new car, complete, must not exceed €195,000.

The LMP3 is a closed car. The chassis and body of LMP3 can be built by any manufacturer and they are very close to those of the current LMP2 (closed cockpit, carbon chassis). Powered by a normally aspirated 420 bhp Nissan powerplant, unique to and identical for all chassis, the engines are marketed by the ORECA company which also provides specific assistance to teams.

The driver line up must be made up of at least one "Bronze" rated driver (see details in Sporting Reg.)

Number Colour: PURPLE.

LMP3 technical specifications:

Chassis
ORECA FLM09
Minimum weight
900 kg
Fuel tank capacity
80 l
Engine
NISSAN V8
Gearbox
Max 6 gears + reverse
Brakes
Steel discs max diameter
14" (355.6 mm)
Overall length
4650 mm (including rear wing)
Overall width
1900 mm
Wheels and tyres
Max width
13"
Max diameter
28"

Grand Touring cars are part of the tradition of endurance racing. To be homologated, a GTE (E for Endurance) must be based around a production road car of which 100 examples have been built (25 for a "small manufacturer”, 300 for a carbon chassis). The "race" version must retain the shape of the road-going model from which it is derived. The engine must retain its original location, orientation, and its original position. However, it may be re-positioned for cars of which a minimum number of 2500 examples are produced in a consecutive 12-month period.

As opposed to the category with the suffix "Pro" (entered in the FIA WEC and the 24 Hours of Le Mans), "Am" designates the GTE class reserved for amateur drivers.
Technically, the cars in the GTE Am class correspond to the same regulations as the GTE Pros, but they must be at least one year old. Thus, they cannot benefit from the latest developments.

For the LMGTE and GTC classes, the composition of driver line-ups must adhere to the Drivers’ Categorisation List. A crew of 2 or 3 drivers must have no more than one Gold or Platinum rated driver.

Number Colour: ORANGE.

LMGTE technical specifications:

Minimum weight
1245 kg
Fuel tank capacity
Min 50 litres
Max 90 litres
Engine
Cubic Capacity (max)
Normally aspirated
5500 cm3
Turbocharged
4000 cm3
Overall length
4800 mm
Gearbox
6 gears max + reverse
Wheels and tyres
Max width
14"
Max diameter
28"

• GTC "Grand Touring Challenge". The true launch pad for competitors wanting to concentrate on endurance racing in GT cars, the Grand Touring Challenge class has welcomed GT3 cars homologated by the FIA since 2013.

The GTC class is primarily for amateur drivers, with vehicles close to production models. It is up to each manufacturer to develop its car and provide a precise description in an FIA homologation document. The car cannot be developed by the manufacturer during the season and teams are limited in what modifications can be made to the specification. During events the scrutineers must ensure that the car is in line with its homologation papers and any adjustments decided upon following tests carried out by the FIA.

The GTC composition of driver line-ups must adhere to the Drivers’ Categorisation List. A crew of 2 or 3 drivers must have no more than one Gold or Platinum rated driver.

Number Colour: BLACK

GTC technical specifications:

See FIA GT3 Technical specification, which depends on the cars.